June Jocks

Black Jocks is a publication by QRAM for use by broadcasters on the Black Star network. Other broadcasters can use this resource with permission from QRAM.  Contact us here

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JUNE 1
On this day in 1839
  A report reached the protector of Aborigines of a massacre on the junction of the Mt Alexander Creek and the Campaspe River in Central Victoria, of the killing of Daung Wurrung and  Dja dja Wurrung   people. The massacre became known as the Campaspe Plains massacre.
On this day in 1839  1995 Formation of the Indigenous Land Corporation, a Commonwealth statutory authority with national responsibilities to assist Indigenous peoples to acquire land and to manage Indigenous-held land. The ILC has a seven-member board, appointed by the Minister for Indigenous Affairs. The Chairperson and at least four other members of the Board must be Indigenous. The ILC Board makes all policy and land acquisition decisions, following the Mabo decision and Federal legislation.
On this day in 1975  The  Racial Discrimination Act is passed in the Federal Parliament. The Australian Senate unanimously endorses a resolution put up by Senator Neville Bonner acknowledging prior ownership of this country and seeking compensation for their dispossession.

JUNE 2
On this day in 2010 A 3.6 meter statue of sporting great Lionel Rose was dedicated to the boxing legend
several hundred friends and well-wishers including many luminaries of the Australia boxing fraternity joined Lionel and Jenny Rose, guests of honor at the event at Queens Street Park in the center of Warragul
Aboriginal Affairs Minister Richard Wynne said Rose’s achievements were acknowledged in 1968, when he was made Australian of the Year and a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE).
“Although he retired from boxing in 1975, Rose’s work continued for another two decades or more,” he said.“He remains an inspiration for not only young aspiring Aboriginal leaders, but the entire community.
Aboriginal Affairs Victoria contributed funding to ensure completion of this important project
On this day in 1997  The Chairperson for the Aboriginal Reconciliation Council, Mr. Patrick Dodson presents a report entitled Weaving the Threads – Progress Towards Reconciliation, to Federal Parliament
On this day in 2000 Corroboree 2000 was held at Sydney Opera House to mark 10 years of work on Reconciliation. Here, the Council for Aboriginal reconciliation presents to the nation Corroboree 2000 – Towards Reconciliation which includes the documents ‘Australian Declaration towards Reconciliation’ and ‘Roadmap for Reconciliation.
On this day in 1964 The Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies was established in June 1964. Its functions included the sponsoring and fostering of research, as well as the publication of results. The Institute was replaced by the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies in March 1990.
On this day 1802 Pemulwuy is shot dead, either by bounty hunters or by Henry Hacking, mate of the brig Lady Nelson. Pemulwuy’s body is decapitated and Governor King sends his head, preserved in spirits, to Sir Joseph Banks in London on the whaling ship Speedy.

JUNE 3
On this day in 1992
, The Ruling of the Australian Supreme Court, under Justice Gerard Brennan  in the case Eddie Mabo versus the state of Queensland (2) accepts for the first time in Australian history that Indigenous people do have legal rights to land in Australia, and that the legal ruling Terra Nullius was not a legal situation. June the 3rd also marks the anniversary of Mabo Day, and is a day that has important ramifications for Australian Society, and celebrated on the Indigenous Calendar. Mabo Day is a day that is virtually unknown and ignored by most Australians.

 JUNE 4
On this day in 1997 Australians for Native Title launch the “Sorry Book” initiative giving ordinary Australians a chance to respond to the failure of the Federal Government to give an unreserved apology under the findings of the Bringing them Home Report. The books became a popular way for ordinary Australians to express their desires for Reconciliation.
On this day in 2000   50, 000 people walked for reconciliation across the William Jolly Bridge in Brisbane

JUNE 5
On this day in 1863 The government officially approved the Aboriginal people’s preferred  land choice, for the settlement  at Coranderrk people were from the different tribes which made up the Kulin nation. The Woi Wurrung, Boon Wurung, Dung Wurrung, Dja Dja Wurrung, and Watha Wurrung people. They were later joined by people of the white gum tree clan.  Coranderrk station was 2300 acres of land at Healesville, established in June  by the Board for the Protection of Aborigines. Detention at Coranderrk. Detention at Coranderrk interrupted the traditional Aboriginal way of life: it was akin to captivity.
On this day in 1991 – The Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation Bill was passed  with unanimous support in both houses. The council was to have twenty-five prominent Australians.   and non-Aboriginal, advancing a process that was not seen as party political. In this sense it began with a similar political strategy to the republican movement – a political and social movement that was not party political and was to be led by prominent citizens.

 JUNE 6
On this day in 1976 The Frazer government introduces the Aboriginal land rights Rights (Northern Territory) Bill into Parliament. The new Bill weakens the Land Councils, prevents claims over Aboriginal-owned pastoral leases and gives the Northern Territory Government responsibility for passing legislation for the protection of sacred sites and land claims based on need. The CLC strenuously objects to several sections of the Bill and negotiations continue through the rest of the year.
On this day in 1835 John Batman signed a treaty to purchase 5,000 acres of land around Melbourne, signed by 3 Aboriginal brothers all named Jajajaja. Although batman represented 13 members of the Port Philip association from Van Diemans Land (Tasmania)  paid for the land The British courts later ruled the purchase invalid and turned the land over to squatters until the first Melbourne land sales. Batman gave the the tribes 20 pairs of blankets 30 tomahawk axes 100 knives 20 pairs of scissors 200 handkerchiefs 100 pounds of flour and six shirts, He agreed to pay a similar amount in yearly rent.
On this day 1973 – Aboriginal Hostels Limited (AHL) was incorporated by the Commonwealth Government as a public company to deliver services relating to hostel and other temporary accommodation needs of Aboriginal and  Torres Strait Islander people. AHL was managed by a Board of Directors responsible to the Minister for Aboriginal Affairs. Charlie Perkins was Chairman of AHL in 1973-82.

JUNE 7
On this day in 1859, Queensland was named after Queen Victoria and made a British Crown Colony, separating it from New South Wales; the date is celebrated state-wide as Queensland Day. A penal colony had been established in Moreton Bay, a place for convicts who had gotten into trouble again while serving out their sentences in New South Wales; this became the core of Brisbane, the State Cpaital. Later free settlement was encouraged and this vast area became the home of farmers, miners and cattlemen, displacing, often violently, the original population
Born on this day in 1990 AFL footy player Jamie Bennell recruited from swan districts to Melbourne footy club in 2008

JUNE 8
On this day in 1926
Rev. Earnest Gribble  of Forest River Mission  (later Oombulgurri) alleged that 30 people had been killed by the police party and a Royal Commission, after sending out an evidence-gathering party, found that 11 people had been massacred and the bodies burned. In May 1927, St Jack and Regan were charged with the murder of Boondung, one of the 11.
Born On this day in 1970 Stephen Renouf  in Murgon Queensland is an Australian former professional rugby league   footballer of the 1980s, 90s and 2000s. He was known as one of the sport’s greatest Centres    Renouf set numerous Records for the Brisbane Broncos  club and is considered one of the greatest footballers to have played for them. After spending eleven years with Brisbane, which yielded four premierships, he left Australia to play for English club Wigan   where he spent two seasons before retiring. He has since been named in Australia’s Indigenous team of the century (1908–2007).

JUNE 9
On this day in 2010 The Resale Royalty Right for Visual Artists Act is introduced, entitling all artists to a five per cent royalty whenever their work is re-sold. Thousands of Aboriginal artists can benefit from the scheme.

JUNE 10
On this day in 1838  28 people were killed at Myall Creek near Inverill NSW known as the Myall Creek massacre  This was the first Aboriginal massacre for which European settlers were successfully convicted. Several colonists had previously been found not guilty by juries despite the weight of evidence and one colonist found guilty had been pardoned when his case was referred to Britain for sentencing. Eleven men were charged with murder but were initially acquitted by a jury. On the orders of  Governor Gipps, a new trial was held using the same evidence and seven of the eleven men were found guilty of the murder of one Aboriginal child and hanged. In his book, Blood on the Wattle, journalist Bruce Elder says that the successful prosecutions resulted in pacts of silence becoming a common practice to avoid sufficient evidence becoming available for future prosecutions.
Born on this day in 1983  Aaron Davey started playing football as a forward pocket player in the NT
On this day in 2010 19-year-old Aboriginal model Samantha Harris makes it to the cover of Vogue Australia’s June issue. Harris got her first break into modelling after entering a competition in the Australian teenage magazine Girlfriend in 2003, aged just 13.
On this day in 1838 Reports of poisoning of Aboriginal people on ‘Tarrone’ near Port Fairy, West Melbourne and ‘Kilcoy’ north-west Moreton Bay. Flour is poisoned and left in shepherds’ huts on ‘Kilcoy’ in the expectation that Aboriginal people now dispossessed of hunting grounds would take it.
Born on this day in 1951 Boxer Tony Mundine  OAM  is one of Australia’s boxing legends and one of the greatest Australian  fighters. He held the Australian middleweight light heavyweight cruiser weight heavyweight and commonwealth middleweight and lightweight titles, and is the only Australian boxer to compete in four weight divisions. He fought Carlos Monzon on 5 October 1974 for the World middleweight title but lost by aKnockout  in the 7th round. No Australian boxer ever beat him in his 16 year career and at his best was a magnificently muscled athlete with knockout power in both hands.
Born on this day in 1985 NRL footballer Dane Nielson played for Cranulla sharks and Melbourne Storm

JUNE 11
On this day in 1988 Prime Minister Bob Hawke   received the Barunga Statement. Written on bark, it called for Aboriginal self-management, a national system of land rights, compensation for loss of lands, respect for Aboriginal identity, an end to discrimination and the granting of full civil, economic, social and cultural rights.

JUNE 12
On this day in 2008 Timana Tahu, an Aboriginal player of the Parramatta Eels rugby club, walks out of the NSW Origin team camp in response to racist comments by the team’s assistant coach Andrew Johns, sparking a media debate about  racism in sport
Born on this day in Sydney Samuel H. “Sam” Thaiday in 1985 in  is an Australian professional rugby league footballer for the Brisbane Broncos in the NRL. An Australian international and Queensland state of origin representative forward, he has spent all of his career at the Broncos, with whom he won the 2006 premiership.

JUNE 13
On this day in June 1984 The Central and Northern Land Councils send a joint delegation to Canberra to meet with Prime Minister Bob Hawke, Aboriginal Affairs Minister Clyde Holding and Resources and Energy Minister Peter Walsh to discuss the mining industry’s campaign against land rights. Senator Walsh has already stated publicly that he wants to see mining and exploration speeded up in the Northern Territory.

JUNE 14
The Federal Council for the Advancement of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders (FCAATSI) campaigned intensively for land rights, with land rights marches continuing over the next four years. Public meetings were held where people could listen to Gurindji leaders such as Mick Rangiari set out their case for a right to land.

JUNE 15
Lake Tyers settlement was started by Anglican missionary John Bulmer in 1863 when it was one of six such reserves for Aboriginal Victorians. By 1917 it was the only government-run reserve remaining in Victoria.
On this day in 1875, on the Roper River, a telegraph worker from Daly Waters had been killed as a consequence, Aboriginals along the length of the river were slaughtered by a massive party of police and civilians for four weeks solid in August 1875. Although the orders came from Inspector Paul Foelsche, the government’s attack dog in Darwin, an operation of such size and cost, with a blaze of publicity, would have required approval from the government of Premier of South Australia Sir James Penn Boucaut.Foelsche issued these cryptic, but sinister, instructions: “I cannot give you orders to shoot all natives you come across, but circum-stances may occur for which I cannot provide definite instructions.”
On this day 2007, the report of the Board of Inquiry into the Protection of Aboriginal Children from Sexual Abuse, co-chaired by Patricia Anderson and Rex Wild QC, was released. The first recommendation of the report  The first recommendation of the report – Little Children are Sacred – was: “Leadership 1. That Aboriginal child sexual abuse in the Northern Territory be designated as an issue of urgent national significance by both the Australian and Northern Territory Governments.

JUNE 16
On this day in 1936 – Charles Nelson Perkins was born of Arrernte and Kalkadoon descent at the Alice Springs Telegraph Station Aboriginal reserve, Northern Territory. At the age of 10 he was taken to a home for Aboriginal boys in Adelaide, completed his completed his education at Le Fevre Boys Technical school, and qualified as a fitter and turner. In the late 1950s he played professional soccer in England, returning to Australia to play for Sydney’s Pan Hellenic. In 1964 he was one of the key members of the Freedom Rides a bus tour through New South Wales by activists protesting discrimination against Aboriginal people in small town Australia. The Freedom Ride aimed to expose discrepancies in living, education and health conditions among the Aboriginal population. The tour targeted rural towns such as Walget, Moree, and Kempsey . They acted to publicise acts of blatant discrimination. This was demonstrated through one of the Freedom Ride activities in Walgett. A local RSL club refused entry to Aborigines, including those who were ex-servicemen who participated in the two World Wars. The bus at one stage was run off the road.
On this day In 1957 A Strike by Palm island Aboriginal workers over wages and conditions, was met with severe and brutal force by the Queensland government and police, the workers houses were raided an night and they were removed in chains off Palm Island.  A film was made and the people in the strike were played either by relatives of the people involved.

JUNE 17
On this day 1840  Eyre set out from Adelaide with a party of six men, including Baxter, his station manager, and three young Aboriginal men. They took thirteen horses, 40 sheep and supplies to last for three months. The expedition party planned to be met at Spencer Gulf by the Waterwitch with more supplies. Starting out, Eyre was enthusiastic and inspired by what lay ahead. The notes in his journal reveal the excitement of heading out.

 JUNE 18
On this day in 2012 Campaign Stand For Freedom presents 43,000 signatures to the Australian government supporting Aboriginal demands that the Stronger Futures legislation be withdrawn.
On this day in,1829  A declaration announcing the settlement within the Territory of Western Australia, recognising the “Aboriginal * inhabitants as British subjects and stated that any person behaving towards them in a ‘fraudulent, cruel or felonious Manner’ would be liable to prosecution and trial”
On this day 1829 Declaration announcing the settlement within the Territory of Western Australia, recognising the “Aboriginal * inhabitants as British subjects and stated that any person behaving towards them in a ‘fraudulent, cruel or felonious Manner’ would be liable to prosecution and trial

JUNE 19

Born on this day in 1941 Pat O’Shane was born in Northern Queenslandm A noted activist for indigenous rights, her achievements in the public sphere have been remarkable. She was the first Aboriginal Australian Barrister (1976) and the first woman to be appointed to the New South Wales Metropolitan Water, Sewerage and Drainage Board (1979). When she was appointed permanent head of the New South Wales Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs in 1981, she became not only the first Aboriginal person but also the first woman to become a permanent head of ministry in Australia.
Married on this day 1975 – Evonne Goolagong to the British metal broker and amateur tennis player Roger Cawley, She is the third of eight children her father, Kenny Goolagong  a sheep shearer and mother Melinda, members of the Wiradjuri people. She grew up in the small country town of Barellan, New South Wales.

JUNE 20
On his day 2007 “The acquittal of Snr-Sgt Chris Hurley – despite him admitting he caused Mulrunji’s death, despite him changing his story, despite overwhelming medical evidence likening Mulrunji’s fatal injuries to a high-speed car crash – is the lowest point in Australia’s judicial system for Aboriginal people,” said  Aboriginal leader and Socialist Alliance Indigenous spokesperson Sam Watson, in response to the not guilty verdict in the manslaughter trial of Hurley. “The police rallied around their own, fixed their story of ‘a complicated accident’, and the 12-member non-Indigenous jury agreed,” Watson continued. “This jury decision has sanctioned the unlawful death of an Aboriginal person in police custody.” “The fact that the life an Aboriginal person was worth less than four hours consideration by the jury reinforces Townsville – named after one of the last slave owners Robert Towns – as a centre of anti-Aboriginal prejudice.”

JUNE 21
On this day in 2007  Prime Minister John Howard and Indigenous Affairs Minister Mal Brough announce the Northern Territory intervention. Staged as a response to the ‘Little Children are Sacred’ report, the intervention is widely criticised because it also legislates to remove the permit system for access to Aboriginal land, abolish the Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP), quarantine 50% of welfare payments, compulsorily acquire Aboriginal land and subject Aboriginal children to mandatory health checks. While the intervention receives bipartisan political support, many opponents label it an ‘invasion’

On this day in June 2007 Australia’s Aborigines were stripped of the right of self rule after the Government declared the widespread sexual abuse of Aboriginal children to be a national emergency equivalent to the Katrina Hurrican in the USA . John Howard, the Prime Minister, banned the sale of alcohol across an area the size of France and imposed restrictions on access to pornography. He also announced tight controls on welfare benefits, which will be cut if children fail to attend school. Aboriginal families will be required to spend at least half their fortnightly welfare on food and essentials.
On this day in 2008  One year since the NTER began. Jenny Macklin, Minister for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (FAHCSIA), announces a new $17.6 million trial over three years. Parents who fail to enroll their children or get them to school regularly will have their income support payments suspended until they fulfil their obligations.
On this day in 2009 Two years since the NTER began. Protests against the NTER held around Australia.
On this day in 2010 The government passes legislation to re-instate the Racial Discrimination Act by extending compulsory income management nationwide. The administration is estimated to cost taxpayers $350 to $400 million dollars over the next four years, or about $4,000 a person a year. Reports indicate that people under income management feel “severely demoralised” . Re-instating the RDA restores dignity and helps Indigenous Australians to take ownership of their lives and to drive change in the NT. —Jenny Macklin, Federal Indigenous Affairs Minister
A look at the on-the-ground impacts of the [compulsory income management] policies on Aboriginal people in the NT shows that this is anything but the case. —Rachel Siewert, Greens Community Services spokesperson

JUNE 22
On this day in 2006 In response to the ABC Tony Jones Lateline program the Chief Minister of the NT announces the government will establish an inquiry into child sexual abuse in NT Aboriginal communities

JUNE 23
On this day in 1971, activists including Briscoe, Smith, Paul Coe, Dulcie Flowers, Fred Hollows, Ross McKenna and John Russell decided to establish the Aboriginal Medical Service. Inspired by the success of the Aboriginal Legal Service for the Aboriginal community, the group applied for a government grant and opened the service in a shopfront in Regent Street, Redfern

JUNE 24
On this day in 2010 Julia Gillard, previously Deputy Prime Minister, becomes the first female Prime Minister of Australia after Kevin Rudd lost the confidence of his party. Rudd served the shortest period of any Prime Minister so far during his prime ministership he apologised to the stolen generation.

JUNE 25
On this day in 1966 – ’58 Aboriginal stockmen at Newcastle Waters walked off the job and, soon after, 200 Gurindji people left Vesteys’ Wave Hill Station and squatted on traditional land at Wattie Creek. The Wave Hill walk-off was not just about wages. Research has revealed that Aboriginal stockmen were also angry about the continued use of their women by white workers, who manipulated stock- camp work rosters to leave Aboriginal workers in the bush on weekends, enabling white stockmen to abuse the women.
On this day in 1852 – Disaster Hits Gundagai. In 25 June 1852 a flood swept away the town of Gundagai. It killed over 25% of the population, making it one of the biggest natural disasters in Australia’s history. Three Aboriginal men are credited for rescuing over 40 townspeople. The men were honoured with bronze medallions.

JUNE 26
On this day 1832 A meeting at Guildford WA to discuss the “Aboriginal Question” Robert Menli Lyon reminded settlers that they had seized what was Aboriginal land and called for someone to act as mediator between the Aborigines and settlers. Amongst four resolutions passed called for whatever conciliatory or coercive measures it saw fit, and said if instead action was not taken the settlement may need to be abandoned

JUNE 27
On this day  in 1937 – William Ferguson, a Wiradjuri man born at Waddi, or Darlington Point, launched the Aborigines Progressive Association in Dubbo. The association fought for equal rights for Aboriginal people and against the Government’s policy of assimilation …Assimilation policies led to the devastation of Aboriginal culture and identity, and justified the removal of Aboriginal children.
On this day in 1937  Ernabella Mission was established by the Presbyterian Church. The Church handed over control of Ernabella to local councils in 1974. In 1981 freehold title was granted to the Pitjantjatjara lands where Ernabella is situated.

JUNE 28
On this day in 1880 – Three Aboriginal Black Trackers were in the first party that attacked the Kelly gang at the Glenrowan Inn in the pre-dawn of the 28th of June, 1880. Each of them was awarded 50 pounds, the equivalent of about $10000 today. While it appears that two Aboriginal trackers who lived in Victoria received their money, there is no evidence of the third Aboriginal person being paid.

JUNE 29
Born on this day in 1936 Eddie Koiki Mabo   died – 21 January 1992)a Torres Strait Islander who is known for his role in campaigning for Indigenous land rights and for his role in a landmark decision of theHigh Court of Australia that overturned the legal fiction of terra nullius   which characterised Australian law with regards to land and title. Mabo was named Eddie Koiki Malboy but he changed his surname to Mabo when he was adopted by his maternal uncle, Benny Mabo. He was born on Mer Murray Island  in the Torres Strait   between Australia and Papua New Guinea.
On this day in 2008 Nathan Jawai is the first Indigenous Australian basketball player to be drafted into the National Basketball Association (NBA). He will play for the Toronto Raptors.
On this day in 2010   French-born tourist Alizee Sery, 25, outrages Aboriginal and non-Indigenous people by walking to the top of Uluru and performing a strip show which she sees as a ‘tribute’ to Aboriginal people.

JUNE 30
On this day in 2012 Government and opposition introduce laws that continue the Northern Territory Intervention  for another 10 years  On this day Jun 30, 1802 a proclamation is made stating: “His Majesty forbids any act of injustice or wanton cruelty to the Natives, yet the settler is not to suffer his property to be invaded or his existence endangered by them, in preserving which is his he is to use the effectual, but at the same time the most humane means of resisting such attacks”. Shortly after this Pemulwuy is shot by two settlers.On this day in 1993 The Wik Peoples make a claim for native title in the Federal Court of Australia for land on the Cape York Peninsula in Queensland. Native Title Act does not pass through Parliament until December 1993.On this day in 2010   French-born tourist Alizee Sery, 25, outrages Aboriginal and non-Indigenous people by walking to the top of Uluru and performing a strip show which she sees as a ‘tribute’ to Aboriginal people.

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