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October 1 On This Day in 1973 The Whitlam Labour government establishes federal ministry of Aboriginal affairs
October 1 Born On this day in 1969 AFL great Michael Long Norm Smith Medallist in 1993 & 1995 Brownlow Medal runner-up Walked from Melbourne to Canberra (The Long Walk) to meet Prime Minister John Howard and draw attention to Indigenous issues In 1995 Long made a triumphant return to AFL football and played almost a full season. In the Anzac Day match between Essendon and Collingwood at the MCG, Long claimed to have been racially taunted by Collingwood‘s ruckman, Damian Monkhorst.
The AFL arranged a mediation session between Long and Monkhorst and although Long was clearly unsatisfied by the short-term outcome of this meeting, long term it set a precedent and since this incident, there have only been three widely publicised accusations of racial taunts on the AFL field.
October 2 on this day in 1944 1944 Education Gazette, NSW, states “children of any Aborigine securing an Exemption Certificate are to be admitted to the ordinary public school”.
October 2 On this day in 2011 A Stolen Generations memorial is opened at Mt Annan near Campbelltown, Western Sydney. The memorial, designed by Aboriginal artist Badger Bates from Wilcannia, features original forest, boardwalks and interpretive signs.
October 2 2011 Dr Aunty Ruby Langford Ginibi died on this day. She was one of Australia’s foremost Aboriginal authors and wrote numerous books, short stories and poetry. Her trademark term was about ‘edu-ma-cating’ non-Aboriginal people about Aboriginal peoples’ circumstances and struggle
October 4 Born On this day in 1980 Boxer Edgar “Brown Sugar” Wymarra born Woolloomooloo NSW
October 5 Born on this Day in 1971 Jamie Lawson is a former Australian rules footballer who played with the Sydney Swans in the Australian Football League (AFL) during the early 1990s. Lawson, a rover, was recruited from the Sunraysia Football League, he arrived in what was a bad time for Sydney, with the club finishing with the wooden spoon in three of his four seasons. He had a career high 30 disposals, and two goals, against fellow cellar dwellers Brisbane at the SCG in 1992.
October 5 Born on this day in 1962 Afl player Derek Kickett who played with the North Melbourne Football Club, Essendon Football Club and the Sydney Swans in the Australian Football League (AFL). Kickett was a cult figure, known for confident playing style, high leap, evasive skills and his long kicking ability. He was a renowned exponent of the torpedo punt.Kickett was controversially dropped by coach Kevin Sheedy for the 1993 AFL Grand Final, after having played every other match for the season. The fallout from this resulted in his eventual move to the Sydney Swans. His last game of AFL football was in the 1996 AFL grand final which his team, the Sydney Swans lost.
October 7 On this day in 1830 Governor Arthur tries unsuccessfully to drive all the remaining Aboriginal people in eastern Australia on to the Tasman Peninsula. 2,200 men form a ‘Black Line’. It cost 5,000 pounds (equivalent to about AUD 1.2 million in 2008) and only two Aboriginal people are caught – an old man and a young boy. Although the exercise was a failure Aboriginal people in Tasmania were forcibly removed and settled on Flinders Island. The living conditions lead to many deaths. Later the community was moved to Cape Barren Island.
October 8 Born on this day AFL Robert Muir is a former part-Indigenous Australian rules football player for the St Kilda Football Club in the Victorian Football League. Recruited from the Ballarat Football League, he played 68 games over 7 interrupted seasons (between 1974-1984) as a brilliant player who was notorious for angry outbursts on the field. He was reported 13 times, and suspended for 22 weeks – including 12 weeks after a match against Carlton in 1984.
October 8 In 2006 Muir became involved in umpiring in an amateur league which was notorious for its players who disrespected officials. With Muir, a fearsome player, as umpire it was believed his intimidatory presence might help stamp out this behaviour. He also umpired the EJ Whitten Legends Game in 2006, as well as the “Barristers v Solicitors” charity game at Glenferrie Oval on 25 June 2006.
October 8 Born on this day in 1930 Percy Johnson As a superbly athletic and agile ruckman in over 200 senior games, an excellent teacher and developer of young talent as a coach, and an erudite and incisive media commentator, few people have made as significant a contribution to WAFL football as Percy Johnson.
October 8 1814 On This Day Macquarie outlines his ‘Experiment towards the Civilisation of these Natives’. He suggests that Aborigines should become labourers or farm workers. Those around Sydney, he says, live in a ‘State of perfect Peace, Friendliness and Sociality with the Settlers’. The governor proposes to set up a Native School at Parramatta run by William Shelly, a former missionary, to teach Habits of Industry and Decency [to] the Youth of both Sexes’.
It must be remembered that the late 1920s was a time of major drought and therefore, in the context of what was still very much the frontier of black/white relations in Australia, the conflict over resources was intense. It was a conflict between the land and its people; and the cattle, and those who had brought with them the guns and diseases that followed. What is often misunderstood is that the Coniston Massacre was no single event, but a series of punitive raids that occurred over a number of weeks as police parties killed indiscriminately. Even Keith Winshuttle one of the great deniers of frontier violence, acknowledges the savagery and disproportionate nature of the Coniston reprisals. Even he, albeit based only on the unsubstantiated writings of a journalist, agrees that many more died than the official record will admit.
October 9 On this day in 2010 The opera Pecan Summer premiers telling the story of the Cummeragunja Aboriginal walk-off of 1939. It is the first opera to be partly sung in Yorta Yorta language.
October 10 On this day in 1835 Governor Bourke in response to Batman’s treaty with the Woi Wurrung of Port Philip now Victoria, issued the following proclamation. Reinforcing the doctrine of Terra Nullius (empty land) and ignoring the rights of Aboriginal People to Land and claiming it for the Crown colony of NSW.
Proclamation: Whereas, it has been represented to me, that divers of His Majesty’s Subjects have taken possession of vacant Lands of the Crown, within the limits of this Colony, under the pretence of a treaty, bargain, or contract, for the purchase thereof, with the Aboriginal Natives;
Now therefore, I, the Governor, in virtue and in exercise of the power and authority in me vested, do hereby proclaim and notify to all His Majesty’s Subjects, and others whom it may concern, that every such treaty, bargain, and contract with the Aboriginal Natives, As aforesaid, for the possession, title, or claim to any Lands lying and being within the limits of the Government of the Colony of New South Wales, as the same are laid down and defined by His Majesty’s Commission; that is to say, extending from the Northern Cape, or extremity of the Coast called Cape York, in the latitude of ten degrees thirty seven minutes South, to the Southern extremity of the said Territory of New South Wales, or Wilson’s Promontory, in the latitude of thirty nine degrees twelve minutes South, and embracing all the Country inland to the Westward, as far as the one hundred and twenty ninth degree of east longitude,
Reckoning from the meridian of Greenwich, including all the Islands adjacent, in the Pacific Ocean within the latitude aforesaid, and including also Norfolk Island, is void and of no effect against the rights of the Crown; and that all Persons who shall be found in possession of any such Lands as aforesaid, without the license or authority of His Majesty’s Government, for such purpose, first had and obtained, will be considered as trespassers, and liable to be dealt with in like manner as other intruders upon the vacant Lands of the Crown within the said Colony.
October 1803 Captain Lieutenant Collins was responsible for the first white settlement in Port Phillip District later to be known as Victoria at Sullivan Bay near present-day Sorrento. The site was later abandoned and moved to present day Hobart. Collins left no published account of his work as Lieutenant-Governor at Port Phillip nor later as the founder of Hobart. Collins Street in Melbourne now bears his name.
October 1803 Wars rage in Victoria (then administered by New South Wales and known as Port Phillip district) from 1830 to 1850. The Indigenous Koorie population resists the large influx of immigrants and settlers who bring large herds of sheep and cattle into the state.
October 12 On this day in 1997 70,000 members of culturally diverse communities in
Australia protested outside Parliament House in Canberra. The protest in opposition to the Howard Government’s proposed amendments to the Native Title Act of 1993. The lawns were covered in a sea of hands a prominent Australian symbol of Indigenous rights to land, the on-going process of Reconciliation, and the desire for greater mutual understanding and respect between Indigenous and non-Indigenous communities. Today, almost 250,000 Australians have put their signatures on a hand in the Sea of Hands and helped in its installation in every major city around Australia, as well as many localities throughout Victoria.
October 12 Born on this day Norman Barnett Tindale was an Australian anthropologist, archaeologist and entomologist. Tindale got a job at the South Australian Museum in Adelaide. Tindale is best remembered for his work mapping the various tribal groupings of Indigenous Australians. This interest began with a research trip to Groote Eylandt where an Anindilyakwa man gave Tindale very detailed descriptions of which land was his and which land was not. This led Tindale to question the official orthodoxy of the time which was that Aborigines were purely nomadic and had no connection to any specific region. While Tindale’s methodology and his notion of the dialectal tribe have been superseded, this basic premise has been proved correct.
October 1842 An Australian Native Police Corps was first established in 1842 in the Port Phillip District of the Australian colony of New South Wales However, the “Native Police Force” (sometimes called the “Native Mounted Police Force”) of Queensland from 1848 to 1897, was by far the most notorious of its kind., Other native police like systems were also occasionally used in the colonies of South Australia, Western Australia and in Northern Territory (then part of the colony of South Australia).
October 15 2010The Indigenous Land Corporation announces it had purchased the Ayers Rock Resort at Yulara, near Uluru. The deal covers all resort hotels, accommodation and infrastructure.
16 October Born on this day in 1863 Daisy May Bates, welfare worker among Aboriginals and anthropologist she immigrated to Townsville in Queensland at age 23. She found employment as a governess on Fanning Downs Station and on 13 March 1884 married Breaker Morant the union lasted only a short time and Bates reputedly threw Morant out because he failed to pay for the wedding and stole some livestock. Bates devoted more than 35 years of her life to studying Aboriginal life, history, culture, rites, beliefs and customs. Living in a tent in small settlements from Western Australia to the edges of the Nullarbor Plain, notably at Ooldea in South Australia, she researched and wrote millions of words on the subject. She was also famed for her strict lifelong adherence to Edwardian fashion, including boots, gloves and a veil. Daisy Bates died on 18 April 1951, in an old peoples home in prospect aged 91
October 18 Died on this day in 1866 George Augustus Robinson he was a builder and untrained preacher. He was the Chief Protector of Aborigines in Port Phillip District from 1839 to 1849. Prior to his appointment as the Chief Protector of Aborigines by the Colonial Office in Great Britain, he had been called upon to mount a “friendly mission” to find the 300 remaining Aboriginals in Tasmania.
October 19 Born on this day in 1961 Cliff Lyons NRL Manly Sea eagles in Narrandera, New South Wales former international-level rugby league footballer of the 1980s and 90s. A Clive Churchill Medallist and two-time Dally M Medallist, he made over 300 first-grade appearances with the Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles, winning grand finals with them in 1987 and 1996, and also represented New South Wales and Australia, known as Napper or Cliffy to his mates
October 20 1969 Laurie Daley OA born in Junee, New South Wales is an Australia rugbyleague football commentator He represented Australia on several occasions and has since been named as one of the nation’s finest players of the 20th century. Daley played primarily as a centre and then five-eighth for the Canberra Raiders during their most successful period in the 1990’s
October 20 Born On this Day in 1984 Michael Johnson is an Australian rules footballer for the Fremantle Dockers. Recruited from Perth Football Club in the WAFL with selection 8 in the 2004 preseason draft, he is a graduate of the Clontarf Football Academy.He made his debut against Richmond in Round 4 of 2005 when Matthew Carr was a late withdrawal from the team due to illness. Due to promising performances at both WAFL and AFL levels and his versatility, he announced a three-year extension to his contract in 2006 and then a two-year contract extensions to remain at Fremantle until the end of the 2011 season.
October 1835 George Augustus Robinson, who sees himself as a protector of Aborigines, takes over the European style settlement on Flinders Island in Bass Strait. He spent much time convincing the last Aborigines on Van Diemen’s Land to move to Flinders Island. After most Aboriginal people have died from various diseases the protectorate is abandoned in December 1849.
October 20 Born On This day in 1875 Auber Octavius Neville a public servant, notably Chief Protector of Aborigines, in Western Australia. Born in Northumberland, England, Neville immigrated to Victoria, Australia as a child. In 1897 he went from Victoria to Western Australia he and joined the civil service there, quickly rising through the ranks. Neville became the state’s second appointment, in 1915, to the role of the Chief Protector of Aborigines. During the next quarter-century, he presided over the controversial policy of removing Aboriginal children from their parents, children who were later termed the Stolen Generation.
October 1975 The Whitlam Government introduces the Aboriginal Land (Northern Territory) Bill 1975 into Parliament. The Bill proposes land rights in the Northern Territory based on the Woodward recommendations with land claimed on grounds of need as well as traditional affiliation and traditional landowners maintaining control over mining and development.
October 21 Born On this day in 1982 Afl Footballer Graham Johncock player with the Adelaide Crows in the Australian Football League, from near Port Lincoln in South Australia.In 2003, Johncock scored the most goals for the Adelaide Crows with 30. He won the Showdown Medal in round 5, despite his side’s loss. Johncock was leading the club champion award early in the 2005 season before breaking his leg in a game against Melbourne in round seven.
October 21 1994 the Federal Minister for Aboriginal Affairs. addressing the Going Home Conference in Darwin, announced he would be writing to Michael Levarch, the Attorney-General, with the suggestion that the Equal Rights and Opportunities Commission investigate why thousands of Aboriginal children had been separated from their families and communities in the 20th century
Born on this Day in 1982 Shaun Burgoyne made his AFL debut in 2002. He had been a steady contributor across the forward line for the Power, before becoming a rebounding defender to great effect. After a series of midfield performances that culminated with selection to the All Australian Team in 2006, he was described by retiring Port player Josh Francou as being “as good as Judd“.Burgoyne was important in The Power’s midfield in 2008, despite attracting the opposition’s best tagger most weeks. While not reaching the heights of past seasons, he finished fourth in the best and fairest and was second at the club in centre clearances, tackles and inside 50s, and fourth in goals (23), contested possessions and bounces. 2009 was a disappointing year after injuring his knee in round three and missing three months of footy. He was able to come back and play a few good games late in the year. He was traded to Hawthorne in late 2009.
October 24 2001 On this day Clair Martin Chief Minister for the Northern Territory apologised to the stolen generation.
October 24 On this day Matthew Bonson A lawyer and the first Aboriginal person elected to a Capital city electoral seat, takes his seat in the Northern Territory Assembly. Matthew Bonson won the seat of Milner in a hard fought campaign winning broad support from the community of Milner. He lost his seat in 2009 a result of an unfavourable distribution.
October 24 Born On this Day in 1973 AFL Footballer Fabian Francis Born in Darwin, Francis grew up playing both rugby league. Francis made his AFL debut with Melbourne in 1993 later played for Brisbane, Port Adelaide and drafted by Freemantle a knee injury halted his career. Francis was clearly a favourite with Port Adelaide fans, winning the Member’s Choice award for favourite player in both 1999 and 2000., he was runner up in the SNAFL Magarie Medal
October 25 Born On this Day in 1979 Dean Widders in Armidale, New South Wales) an Indigenous Australian, is a professional rugby league player in the European Super League where he plays for the Castleford Tigers. Widders’ was involved in a racial vilification incident in July 2005 when South Sydney Rabbitohs captain Bryan Fletcher racially abused him . In 2006 he signed a three year contract to play for the South Sydney Rabbitohs starting in 2007. Widders lost form remarkably in 2008 and played most of the year for NSW Cup side North Sydney .
October 25 On this day in 1810 Daniel Moowattin is the third Australian Aborigine to visit Englandwhen HMS Hindostan anchors at Spithead after a voyage of six months
October 25 Born On this Day in 1988 AFL footballer Shane “Titch” Edwards Shane Edwards is an Australian rules football player for the Richmond Football Club in the Australian Football League (AFL). He played 16 games in his debut season, scoring 11 goals in total. In 2008 Edwards had a good year playing off the half back flank for Richmond,
October 26 On this day in 1985 The Anangu traditional owners of Uluru are set to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the hand back of the Australian icon to them. Tuesday, October 26 is also the 25th anniversary of the hand back of nearby Kata Tjuta (which used to be known as The Olgas) in central Australia. The 1985 hand back of Ayers Rock was a symbolic moment for indigenous land rights in Australia. It also paved the way for the lease agreement which allows Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park to be managed jointly by the Anangu and the Director of National Parks.
October 26 On This Day in 1986 ownership of the island was transferred to a newly formed Palm Island Community Council under a Deed of Grant in Trust from the Queensland government. into sexual abuse by making victims too uncomfortable to come to the mainland for examination.
October 1889 Queensland’s Native Police Force was arguably the most controversial force of its kind in colonial Australian history. Operating as far south as the Murray river in Victoria and the Darling River in NSW. John G. Paton wrote in 1889 that, two years previously, Samuel Griffith, the Premier of Queensland, “had these blood-stained forces disbanded for ever.” This, however, is not entirely true, Griffith did not disband the force during his term in government, it was only gradually disbanded during the mid to late 1890s.
October 27 On this day in 1857 members of the Yeeman tribe attacked the Fraser’s Hornet Bank Station in the Dawson River Basin in Queensland (the Hornet Bank massacre) killing 11 people in retaliation for the deaths of 12 members shot for spearing some cattle and the deaths of another a group of Yeeman nine months earlier who had been given strychnine laced Christmas puddings.
Following the deaths of his parents and siblings, William Fraser, who had been away on business, began a campaign of extermination that eventually saw the extinction of the Yeeman tribe and language group. Fraser is credited with killing more than 100 members of the tribe with many more killed by sympathetic squatters and policemen.
Many of the killings were carried out in public such as the killing of two Yeeman charged with the Fraser murders whom Fraser shot in the courthouse as they were leaving following verdicts of not guilty, the alleged killing of two Aboriginals in the main street of Rockhampton and the killing of a strapper at a Toowoomba race meeting. By March 1858 up to 300 Yeeman had been killed. Public and police sympathy for Fraser was so high that he was never arrested for any of the killings and gained a reputation as a folk hero throughout Queensland.
October 28 On this day in 1834 Governor Stirling leads a party of men to a site near present day Pinjarra, on the Swan River and attacks 80 Aboriginal people. One of Stirling’s men dies and many Aboriginal people are killed. Official reports put their number at 14 but Aboriginal accounts suggest a whole clan was wiped out in the attack. This became known as the ‘Battle of Pinjarra’. It was an attempt to punish Aboriginal people south of Perth, after conflict with settlers caused the death of a settler in April.
October 28 On this day in 2008 The Devils Marbles (Karlu Karlu) site is handed back to traditional owners after a 28-year native title battle. Its owners consider Karlu Karlu as one of the most significant sacret sites.October 29, 2010 National Day of Action. The Intervention Rollback Action Group in Alice Springs release statement demanding ‘Jobs with Justice for Aboriginal
workers’ launch in Alice Springs
The Dunghutti people of north coast NSW are now confined to 40 hectares of land on the Bellwood Reserve, near present day Kempsey. They previously owned 250,000 hectares.
October 30 On This day 1975 The Racial Discrimination Act 1975 became law after Australia signed the United Nations’ International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. This Act makes it unlawful to discriminate against people because of their race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin. The Racial Hatred Act 1995 extended the Racial Discrimination Act to also cover offensive behaviour based on racial hatred. A Maori man, working for a building company claims that his co-workers used offensive terms in his presence such as ‘blacks’ and ‘niggers’. He made a complaint to the company director which led to his co-workers refusing to work with him. This led to him being made a casual and eventually not being offered any more work by his boss.
Through conciliation, the company agreed to pay the man financial compensation, provide him with a written reference and arrange anti-discrimination training for company staff.