New partnership for remote indigenous media

Listeners in more than 50 remote communities will benefit from a new partnership between two of Australia’s most significant remote media organisations.

TEABBA, based in Darwin, manages a network of 29 remote radio stations. In Cairns, QRAM manages a network of 17 services reaching more than 25 communities. Together this is a total of 54 services across Northern Australia; by far the most powerful media voice in remote Australia.

The partnership agreement will see QRAM and TEABBA move towards mutually-beneficial sharing of content, training and technology, with each partner contributing expertise in key areas to develop and enhance their services.

It will ensure that Indigenous radio remains the go-to-place for information, entertainment, news, weather and local voices in the North and provide the benchmark for all remote area services.

Through sharing access to their two stereo satellite services and a unique Wide Area Network (WAN) delivery system, the TEABBA and QRAM hubs will provide each of their local Indigenous stations with a great increase in content options for their local audiences, also the opportunity to receive and contribute content back to other services, such as festival events and live shows.

The WAN will also allow TEABBA and QRAM, to co-ordinate delivery of local community announcements sponsorship and government information spots, news and weather; tailored for each service.

TEABBA Manager Don Baylis said “the new technology allows us to share systems that are far advanced on any in Australia and match the best internationally for remote media. The combination of WAN and satellite delivery gives us many options, from shared school programs across the Top End, to health programs, live festival and sporting events.”

Local stations in the network are largely local community-based services in Indigenous communities and towns, with 1 or 2 part-time staff at most, often no staff.  Access to content produced by other sister services will make each service more dynamic on a 24-hour basis.  Jim Remedio, Acting General Manager at QRAM  said that combining the skills and knowledge in these two services will bring Indigenous remote radio broadcasting to an exciting new level.

“The sector overall has been in the doldrums for some years, but this initiative is a spark that will ignite a fire.”

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2 responses to “New partnership for remote indigenous media

  1. Hi I was wondering if tou could run a story or make a documentry on Australias worse mass murder – Its a true Story
    This is so sad – Hornet Bank Station Massacre, Taroom.
    I have often wondered why there are no aboriginal people out home around Taroom maybe this is why, its such a very sad story.
    The Hornet Bank massacre of eleven white people from Taroom (including seven members of the Fraser family) and one Aboriginal station-hand in direct retaliation to the deaths of twelve Aboriginal people by member(s) of the Fraser family, occurred at about one or two o’clock on the morning of the 27 October 1857. It took place at Hornet Bank station on the upper Dawson River near Eurombah at Taroom in central Queensland, Australia. In subsequent punitive missions conducted by Native Police, private settler militias and by William Fraser, as many as 300 Aborigines may have been murdered in counter-retaliation. Indiscriminate shootings of Aboriginal men, women and chilfdren found within a wide radius of the station and Taroom were conducted. The result was the believed extermination of the entire local Aboriginal Iman tribe and language group by 1858.
    Squatters had begun to occupy Iman land from 1847 following Ludwig Leichhardt’s 1844-45 journey through the area on his expedition to find an overland route to Port Essington on the north coast of Australia.
    The westernmost European appropriation of the area was named Hornet Bank station, seized by Andrew Scott, who arrived in the early 1850s. In 1854 he leased the station to Scottish-born John Fraser who took his wife, Martha, and a large family ranging in age from young children to the early twenties, to live in this area, isolated from other European settlement. Two years later John Fraser died of dysentery while on a droving trip to Ipswich and his eldest son, William, then aged 23, took over management of the station in collaboration with the lessee, Andrew Scott.
    The stations on the Dawson River south of Taroom were on the land of the local Aboriginal Iman people who bitterly resented the invasion of these European squatters, who were attempting permanent residency without permission or negotiation. With their flocks of sheep and herds of cattle, to the Europeans the Iman were an impediment to the expansion of their pastoral empires. Disrespect and then regular cruelty towards the Iman people inflamed their already overwhelming sense of injustice, being barred access to their area. They made the surrounding country dangerous for the European migrants. Shepherds in boundary huts were attacked and killed and settlers feared leaving their wives and children unprotected. Although contemporary reports of the events stressed the bloodthirsty nature of the local Aborigines, contrasted with only kindness shown to them by the Fraser family, it has been claimed that the killing of the Frasers was in retaliation for the recent deaths of 12 Iman shot for spearing some cattle and for the deaths nine months earlier of an unknown number of Aboriginals who had been given a strychnine laced Christmas pudding, allegedly by the Fraser family.
    The Iman Aboriginal tribe attacked the Fraser homestead between one or two o’clock in the morning of the 27 October 1857. Those in the house were Martha Fraser, eight of her nine children, Henry Neagle (their tutor), two white station hands, who lived in a hut 1 km from the station and Jimmy, an Aboriginal servant. The evening before the attack, Jimmy, persuaded to collaborate, had killed all the station dogs. By all accounts, the Iman initially intended to kidnap one of the Fraser women but things got out of hand after the first Fraser to confront them was killed. The attackers killed the men, castrated Neagle, raped Martha Fraser and her two eldest daughters, clubbed them and the remaining children to death and speared to death the two station hands as they arrived to wash up before retiring for the night.
    The only survivor was fourteen-year-old Sylvester “West” Fraser who, after being hit on the head with a waddy had fallen between the wall and bed. The Aboriginals were distracted by the arrival of the two station hands, allowing Sylvester to crawl under his mattress and he was forgotten. Sylvester later ran “without hat or boots and in a terribly bruised state” 12 miles (19 km) to nearby Cardin Station and raised the alarm. Station hands immediately formed a posse and located a large mob of Aboriginals sleeping some 10 miles (16 km) from the Fraser property. They showed them no mercy, the first of many massacres to occur over succeeding week.
    The victims were buried on the property.
    Martha Fraser, aged 43 years
    John Fraser, aged 23
    Elizabeth Fraser, aged 19
    David Fraser, aged 16
    Mary Fraser, aged 11
    Jane Fraser, aged 9
    James Fraser, aged 6
    Charlotte Fraser, aged 3
    Henry Neagle (tutor), aged 27
    R. Newman (shepherd), aged 30
    Ben Munro (shepherd), aged 45
    Jimmy (Indigenous houseboy)
    In this period of colonisation of Australia, the main force eliminating Indigenous resistance to the settler acquisition of land was the Native Police. This colonial government funded force consisted of white officers in charge of Aboriginal troopers from areas distant to their region of deployment. The method employed by the Native Police to crush resistance to British occupation was known as “dispersal”, which involved indiscriminate shooting and killing of Indigenous men, women and children that were found in the associated frontier area.
    After the Hornet Bank massacre, the first Native Police division to arrive on the scene was that of Lieutenant Walter Powell. He took his troopers in a westerly direction and found a group of Aboriginals of which he shot dead five. Powell enrolled the surviving Fraser brothers, William and Sylvester, as special constables for his second punitive mission and they shot dead a further nine people. 2nd-Lieutenants Moorhead and Carr of the Native Police arrived soon after with their troopers, killing around another thirteen Aboriginals. By December 1857 Powell had increased the number of troopers in his division to seventeen, which he put to use by conducting raids on peaceful “station blacks” at Taroom, killing five including three native women as they tried to flee. Powell with William Fraser and 2nd-Lieutenant R.G.Walker led another raid at Juandah shooting dead another eleven Aboriginals. By April 1858, other divisions of Native Police led by Edric Norfolk Vaux Morisset, John Murray, John O’Connell Bligh, George Murray and Charles Phibbs had become active in the area, conducting raids of indiscriminate summary justice. Henry Gregory and his brother, the explorer A.C. Gregory were also involved in the punitive expeditions as they were squatters in the area. In his memoirs, local pastoralist George Serocold wrote that a dozen local black men who were considered leaders in the region at that time were rounded up and then ordered to run through an open field. As they fled they were shot dead by those who had ordered them to run.
    George Serocold was also involved in the formation of a mounted vigilante death squad in response to the Hornet Bank massacre. The squad was called “The Browns” and consisted of Serocold, his property manager at Cockatoo station, Murray-Prior, Horton, Alfred Thomas, McArthur, Piggott, Ernest Davies and three Aboriginal servants including Billy Hayes and Freddy. This group formed at Hawkwood station on the nearby Auburn River. They conducted shooting raids upon mostly innocent “station blacks” in this area during their six-week mission, including the perpetration of a massacre at Redbank station. Native Police also went through Redbank station three weeks afterwards, conducting another massacre on this property.
    Despite, or perhaps, because of the sustained and severe punishment meted out by the government’s Native Police, Aboriginal resistance in the immediate region continued with the killing of six station-hands in April 1858. Local settlers decided to augment the official Native Police divisions with a privately funded squad of armed black troopers under the leadership of ex-Native Police Commandant Frederick Walker. Walker was previously sacked from the force in 1854 for inebriation and embezzlement. He recruited Aboriginal troopers who had either deserted or quit the Native Police and conducted punitive patrols for the local landholders as far away as Roma.
    The most ruthless avenger was William Fraser who was away in Ipswich at the time of the massacre. His brother Sylvester rode to Ipswich to inform him of the massacre and the pair returned to Hornet Bank, covering the 320 miles (510 km) in three days with three changes of horses. Allowed to ride with the Native police, William Fraser had ‘every opportunity to assuage his grief through murder.’ He continued killing randomly wherever he found Aborigines. He shot an Aboriginal jockey at the racetrack in Taroom and after two Aboriginals accused of being involved in the massacre were found not guilty he shot both dead as they left the Rockhampton courthouse. It was reported that after Fraser shot an Aboriginal woman in the main street of Toowoomba because he claimed she was wearing his mother’s dress, two policemen spoke with him briefly before saluting and walking away. This incident reinforced a local belief that the Government had given him twelve months’ immunity from prosecution, during which he was free to avenge the massacre of his family. In 1905, Fraser was asked if he had an authority, he replied “I never asked and never received such an authority but felt I was justified in doing so (the killings).”
    On the banks of the Juandah lagoon, near Wandoan, there is a place called Fraser’s Revenge where according to the local settlers, a group of Aboriginals massacred by a posse led by Fraser are buried. Also at Wandoan, there was another incident reported by Frederick Walker to Attorney-General in Brisbane that involved the massacring of Aboriginals at the magistrate’s residence in that town. These Aboriginals had been found not guilty of involvement at Hornet Bank but were shot dead by local whites and buried nearby.
    On the 6th March 1867, Fraser became an officer in the Native Police and was posted to the barracks at Nebo where he continued his campaign against Indigenous people. It was reported that in 1867, ten years after the massacre, sub-Inspector William Fraser and his troopers were tracking a small group of Iman women and children who had taken refuge on Mackenzie Station on the Fitzroy River. Informed that Fraser was approaching, Mrs Mackenzie hid the Aboriginals in her bedroom. Fraser demanded to search the house and did so but Mackenzie stood in front of the bedroom door and refused to allow him to search that room. Fraser left empty handed after Mackenzie gave him “all the contents of her tongue.”
    William Fraser almost certainly killed over 100 members of the tribe making him one of the greatest mass murderers in Australian history. Many more were killed by sympathetic squatters and the officers and troopers of the Native Police. In an article recounting the massacre, it was reported that the mere mention of Fraser’s name by settlers was enough to avoid trouble when they faced “truculent natives.”
    Heritage-listed memorial for the Fraser family, 2008
    How many people died as a result of the Iman avenging their own is unknown, but few Iman survived. Some managed to flee to Maryborough (300 km east of Taroom), but even there they were unsafe. The police continued harassing them for a number of years after. Fraser’s revenge campaign eventually resulted in the believed extermination of the Iman tribe and language. This is most certainly not true due to the Iman men,women & children being smarter by escaping and hiding further than any police officer could imagine. By March 1858 up to 300 Iman had been killed. Although the Iman people survived not many actually live in the tribes borders, you will most commonly find Iman men, women & children throughout the surrounding areas such as Rockhampton, Mount Morgan, Gladstone, Blackwater and many more towns near and far. Public and police sympathy for Fraser was so high that he was never arrested for any of the killings and gained a reputation as a folk hero throughout Queensland.
    Sylvester Fraser never recovered either physically or mentally. He remained subject to fits, during which “blacks fled from him in alarm” despite him being harmless. It was reported that he died a broken man.
    William Fraser died at the age of 83 in Mitchell, Queensland on 1 November 1914. He was and still is Australia’s worst mass murderer having killed hundreds of inocent aboriginal people. Noting that he left behind two sons and 14 daughters, his obituary stated that “Any blacks that crossed Fraser’s path for many years after [the massacre] got a particularly bad time; in fact, the name of Fraser was quite sufficient to strike fear and terror into their hearts.”
    In October 1957, to commemorate the centenary of the killings, a concrete memorial was erected on the grave site by Andrew Scott’s descendants.
    On 18 September 2008, the grave site and memorial were added to the Queensland Heritage Register.

    • Thank you for contacting us and sharing this story. Courtesy reply to advise we are not in a position to rebroadcast this sad sad story.
      Wishing you all the best.
      Black Star Radio

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